An Elaborate Manual Describing A Typical PhD Thesis Layout

Typical PhD thesis layout

A thesis is a research work a student is supposed to submit in order to get an advanced level degree.

A typical thesis usually has the following layout

The abstract

Abstract is the part of thesis that is quite non-technical. It is written in simple words and gives the reader an overview of what he will be reading in the rest of the is very important to mention in the abstract that the work is truly original and composed by you.

The introduction

An introduction presents the broader perspective of the subject first and then moves to the topic gradually. This is where you include your thesis question and statement. It shows why the topic is important and what made you choose it. An introduction:

  • Has the background
  • Identifies the gap
  • States your question
  • Has a hook

The problem

This is very important part of the thesis and you have to be very careful with it. The problem sets the base for the rest of your research work. You should be able to explain the impact of the problem on a greater society and its crucial importance. You can even include the sensitivity of the topic to increase interest.

Literature review

A literature review gives the background of a certain subject. It will show the work that has been previously published on the topic and the strengths and weaknesses of the previous research.

Your approach

This is where you identify and state the problems in the previous research and give your opinion in a technical manner. This should be written in a very formal and professional tone. You will list the research you have done and findings you have concluded. It is supposed to be the longest part of the thesis. It should be convincing and follow a logical sequence

The analysis

This is where you do a critical analysis of your work. You have to stay neutral and state the advantages and drawbacks of your solution. You should mention the areas you lack and justify why it is there.

Discussion section

The discussion section compares your research to other researches and also gives area for future research.


This is where you have to finally convince the judges that why you deserve a PhD degree. State your results in a concise manner. Show how effectively you have addressed the problem and found a solution.